Incident commanders, scientists and ICT world people working together. Is this possible?

    CMINE Helpdesk
    By CMINE Helpdesk

    Section A

    Background and rationale - Kindly describe in details why this challenge is relevant and where the need can be observed :
    Background and rationale - Kindly describe in details why this challenge is relevant and where the need can be observed :

    Disastrous wildfires are happening under extreme weather conditions more often in the last 30 years. This is a huge challenge for the fire suppression capabilities in many countries. Every year vast areas in hectares of forests are burned, damaging and destroying urban zones and ecosystems. This put at risk human lives.

    Statistics 2016-2018

    In the last three years European Commission is publishing data about increasing number of wildland fires all over south located counties in Europe (fig. 1,2,3). However in 2018 Copernicus air temperature anomalies showed clearly that the north countries are having zero insurance when it comes of wildland fires on their territories too. The beginning of 2018 was clear example for this.

    See files attached below:

    Fig. 1. Forest fires in EU 2016

    Fig. 2. Temperature anomalies by Copernicus data for Aug 2017 and July 2018 based on average data from 1981-2010

    Fig. 3. Comparison of number of wildland fires Jan-July 2018 over average of 2008-2017

    From all the analyses published as graphical representation (fig. 1,2,3) we get the message that things are getting worse every year and probably the number of fires will increase in the years to come.

     

     

    Aims and objectives - Kindly describe in details the aims and objectives of a working group for addressing this potential challenge - for example development of a new solution, change of political environment, etc. :
    Possible solution

    The possible solution in the situation we are in EU and not only when it comes to wildland fire suppression measures is that people from the fields of:

    • Field (such as firefighters, incident commanders and civil protection groups)
    • Academia (research labs dedicated on fire propagation modeling and suppression measures calculations)
    • Private sector (such as ICT tools providors based on Copernicus Sentinel data Hubs, Mussula Fire Lab fire.org models and research tools (FARSITE, BEHAVEPlus, WindNindja, FlamMap etc.))

    combine their efforts and start working together by utilizing all satellite, sensor and local data available in order to better predict and make prognosis for in cases of extreme events like catastrophic wildland fires.

    We live in 21st century and tools from all sectors can and should be helping firefighters and people when this is needed.